October 25, 2016

Yevgeny M. Malakhin (artist name Bukashkin), Краска мусора/Paint the garbage

the artist on a mural in a pink dress
(no names of photographers listed)

This is the story of a very special non-conformist outsider artist, who in the 1990's brightened the center of Yekaterinburg with music and a lot of colorful murals he painted on buildings and fences.

Yektarinburg is a large city in the Russian Federation, located at the eastern edge of what in geographical terms in general is considered as Europe.

Life and works

Born in Irkutsk on september 16, 1938, Yevgeny Mikhailovich Malakhin studied in Izhevsk, where he graduated as an engineer in energy supplies. After his studies, in 1961 he went to live in Sverdlovsk (as Yekaterinburg was called from 1924 to 1991), a city where he would stay for  the rest of his life. 

He got a job as senior engineer at the electricity company Uralenergo. In 1965 he married Valerie Petrovka and the couple would have a daughter, Nastya. In 1971 he and his wife made a long journey, visiting Senegal and various European countries.

Development as an artist

Malakhin was rather interested in philosophy and music. The 1970's became for him a period to try out all kinds of artistic activities. In the early 1970's he was active in experimental photography. Later he  worked with wood, made paintings as a self-taught painter and wrote poetry and published books.

In the mid 1980's he had a first exposition and from that time his need to present himself as an artist was growing.

So he equipped himself with an artist name, first Kakiem Akahievich Kashkin, also K.A. Kashkin, which later would become B.U. Kashkin or Bukashkin. He also rented his own studio, a small room in the basement of a building on Tolmachev Street in the center of the city and began to live more and more on his own.

picture from website aziko.ru
(no name of photographer listed)

In 1992 Malakhin ended his job at Uralenergo and fully devoted himself to a sober, but pronounced existence as an artist.

As Bukashkin he would become Yekaterinburg’s major non-conformist artist of the 1990’s. He was also quite recognizable as such, a bearded man, walking around in the city with a balalaika, a large tambourine on his neck and bells on his hat.

In his artwork he promoted family relations and love for one’s country as important values and he urged citizens not to drink or smoke, to love others, enjoy life and do good deeds. One will find these these themes in the some twenty educative and ecological books he wrote and published himself and also in his paintings and drawings, he often handed out to onlookers for free.

He became rather well known in his country and was also named  Russian people's janitor (for a short period he worked as janitor at a bank).

Paint the garbage, paint the town 

In the early 1990’s Bukashkin began a campaign with the slogan Paint the garbage.

He developed a theory about garbage to the effect that waste can be seen as art or as a basis of an artwork, probably a fairly unusual opinion in Bukashkin's society of that time, but then already prevalent in the field of art environments elsewhere in Europe.

In his view even the ugliest places in town could be made pretty to look at. So he began making paintings on concrete fences, garages, walls of buildings, garbage bins and so on. It has been said the whole city was his canvas.

In the city of Yekaterinburg as it was in the 1990's, Bukashkin probably was the first to do such murals and he can be seen as a pioneer of what later would be considered as street art.

The idiom which is reflected in his wall decorations marks him as an artist in the field of outsider art. The totality of his murals, situated in the center of the city, can be regarded as a mega art environment ¹.

Bukashkin has made over thirty murals, which meanwhile partly have faded away or have gone lost. An association of friends has ensured that some were restored and that on various spots replicas have been placed.

At the end of 2004 Bukashkin had to leave his studio at Tolmachev Street, beacuse the building would be demolished and replaced by new construction. Some months later, the artist died of an acute asthma attack on March 13, 2005.

 An association of friends 

To keep the memory of Bukashkin alive on January 8, 2008 a group of friends founded an association named Old Man Bukashkin, presided by Yevgeny Artyukh, well-known in political and business circles in Yeketarinburg. One of their activities was to make a Bukashkin Trail, a walk along the spots where the artist had put up his wall paintings. The association also has contributed to the realization of a museum in Yekaterinburg devoted to Bukashkin.

B.U. Kashkina Museum 

Initiated by professors and students of the Ural Federal University the B.U. Kashkina Museum opened on december 19th 2008.

portrait of Bukashkin on a wall of the museum
(screenprint from a tv-video of the opening of the museum)

The museum, located at Lenin Avenue 51 in Yekaterinburg, aims to present and study non-standard modern urban culture in its various forms in order to understand its creative role in shaping a positive image of the urban environment.

It holds works and documents of and about Bukashkin and it also documents other non-conformistic movements and naive artists in the Ural.

* B.U.Kashkin (1938–2005): Life and Art of Ural Punk Skomorokh, Edited by Aleksandr Shaburov This book, a first collection and review of Bukashkin’s creative work, was published at the occasion of the exhibition in 2015  I’ve Lived My Life, I’m Not Dead Yet. A Tribute to B.U.Kashkin

cover of the book

* Website of the association of friends (with various details of Malakhin's life, such as that in 1978 he told his wife that there was another woman in his life with whom he had a child; in the early 1980's he would start a new family with her)
* The internet has a lot of videos about the artist. Here is a link to a list of mainly Russian spoken videos
* Just for a first introduction, here is a recent video (by MrMediaProduction) that even if you do not understand russian, gives a good idea of Bukashkin's varies activities (11'56", Youtube, uploaded january 2014)

 ¹ The concept “mega art environment” has recently been introduced by Alexander Emelyanov, creator of an art environment in Samara, Russian Federation. It is a proper term to refer to the totality of related creations located in a rather extensive territory near the artist's living place. Examples are the creations made by Danièle Aubin, François Michaud, Pierre Rapeau and Juan Garcia Naveira.

Yevgeny M. Malakhin
aka Bukashkin
Yekaterinburg, Russian Federation
to see what is left of the murals there is a walking trail
(starts at Lenin Avenue 5b, see a tourist guide or get info at a tourist office)

October 02, 2016

Boguslawa Iwanowskiego, Quo Vadis sculpture garden

 pictures (2014) courtesy of Sophie Lepetit

Tyrawie Woloskiej (Tyrawa Woloska) is a small community in the south of Poland, not far from the border with Ukraine. It is known from Quo Vadis, an exhibition of numerous wooden sculptures in the garden of a private house 

Life and works

Boguslawa Iwanoskiego (Boguslav Ivanovski), who created this art environment, was born in 1934 in Dorhun (district Grodno), a community that currently is part of Belarus but which before World War II belonged to Poland.

The shift of the border between Poland and Belarus, which took place after World War II, resulted in the russification of Ivanovski's birthplace, such as collectivisation of agriculture. Opposition of villagers was brutally oppressed, Ivanovski's father was imprisoned, his brother was executed and he himself, although rather young was deported to Russia, where he for a number of years had to work in a labor camp.

In later years while still staying in Russia, he succeeded in doing a training as a car mechanic.

Ín the early 1960's Ivanovski returned to Poland. In 1961 he settled in Szczecin, a harbour town located along the Oder river and near the Baltic Sea in the north of the country. He got a job as a service technician at the local public transport company.

A career as folk artist

In the course of the 1960's Ivanovski as an amateur artist began to develop his artistic talent, initially in the fields of poetry and painting, but soon turning to making wooden sculptures, which would become his lifelong passion.

He became a member of the Klubu Plastyków-Amatorów i Twórców Ludowych (Club of amateur painters and folk artists) that would meet in the provincial House of Culture. He took part in various expositions, including one in the context of the in Poland well known Centralne Dożynki (Central Harvest Festival).

In 1986 Ivanovski moved from Szczecin to Tyrawa Woloska, a village that reminded him very much of his native region.

Here he would stay for the rest of his life, fully devoting himself to making wooden sculptures and setting up an open-air exhibition area.

Ivanovski in 2014

Ivanovski has created an imposing amount of artwork since in the mid 1960's he began making folk art. His wooden sculptures, made in several sizes, including a number that are larger than life, have a naturalistic character and are sculpted in a classical folk art style.

His work reflects his attachment to his native Poland. The collection, divided between the house and the outdoor exhibition area, includes sculptures and sculpted reliefs which refer to important personalities and happenings in the history of Poland, such as Polish kings and princes, the statesman Józef Pilsudski (a series of works depicting various stages in his life) and the Katyn Massacre

Another series of sculptures is devoted to Pope John Paul II, altogether some 24 monumental sculptures.

But one can also see  characters derived from fairy tales and all kinds of portrayals of common people, such as the one of a young lady with a cat in her arms.

Ivanovski currently (2016) is in his early eighties and processing wood is becoming rather hard for him to do, so he is considering switching to other artistic approaches, such as making ceramics or working with concrete.

The garden is open to the public

Ivanovski's sculpture garden can be visited by the public. It attracts a lot of visitors and when at home the artist is gladly willing to inform visitors about his work. 

Ivanosvski was awarded a bronze medal

In march 2016 on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of his artistic calling, the chairman of the parliament of the Podkarpackie voivodeship (province) awarded Ivanovski with a bronze medal Gloria Artis.

* Article by Wieslaw Hop on weblog Opowiadania współczesne (Contemporary stories), june 12, 2016 (with a  variety of pictures)
* Website of Tyrawa Woloska with a page devoted to Ivanovski and the sculpture garden
* Article on weblog Na Pogórzu (Foothills) october 2013 (illustrated)
* French author of a weblog about french outsider art and art environments Sophie Lepetit in 2014 made a trip to Poland and published a large series of pictures of the Quo Vadis sculpture garden on her weblog

Boguslawa Iwanowskiego
Quo Vadis sculpture garden
Tyrawie Wołoskiej (Tyrawa Woloska) 38-535 
Podkarpackie voivodeship, Poland
can be visited by the public

Petr Leonidovich Zhurilenko, скульптуры в саду/sculpture garden

picture courtesy of  Sergey Chegra 
 Museum of Russian lubok and naive art, Moscow

Petr Leonidovich Zhurilenko (born in august 1929) is a folk art artist who lives in the small community of Sudbodarovka in the Oldenburg region in the Russian Federation.  

He has made a variety of naive paintings, which were exposed in the region, but also in Moscow, where he took part with a single painting in the large exhibition of naive and outsider art in 2013.

The catalogue of this exposition (p.194) says that Zhurilenko meanwhile had switched from making paintings to making sculptures.

picture by unknown photographer

Above picture also has the scene as in the first picture, but then with added signs, that say the sculptures have been made in 2014.

The sign on the left indicates that the three characters are Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov with his adjutant and a guard as in 1812. The sign on the right, insofar readable, says that the queen is in Moscow because of negotiations.

Kutuzov (1745-1813)  was a famous Russian army commander, who in 1812 repelled Napoleon’s invasion of Russia. The queen must be Queen Elizabeth, who, accompanied by Prince Philip, in  october 1994 was the first british monarch to visit Moscow, where she met former president Boris Yeltsin.

picture by unknown photographer

The in my opinion rather impressive scene with general Kutuzov and Queen Elizabeth is undoubtedly part of a recently started and gradually expanding art environment in Zhurilenko's garden, because another picture of a creation by Zhurilenko is available, that shows two monkey's (?) with in the background a barn and another construction, which might be the residential house.

Up to now the internet has no descriptions of Zhurilenko's art environment. but further research has begun and this will hopefully bring more information.

note 1
I am grateful to Alexander Emelyanov (creator of an art evironment in Samara, Russian Federation) who contacted the museum in Moscow about the first photo in this post and is actively engaged in collecting more information about this art environment
note 2
I would like to get in touch with the unknown photographer(s) of some pictures in this post

Petr Leonidovich Zhurilenko
скульптуры в саду (sculpture garden)
Sudbodarovka, Oldenburg region, Russian Federation

September 24, 2016

Philip Mussprat, Can House

view from the street (may 2016)

Facing the North Sea, Hartlepool is an industrial and harbour town of some 92.000 inhabitants  in the far north west of England, known from its now gone, once very numerous shipbuilding companies.

In terms of outsider art environments the town can boast a very special site: a house with exterior walls decorated with thousands of beer cans, as well as separate beer can structures in the back yard.

To my knowledge, such a site is a unique kind of art environment, not alone in the United Kingdom, but also throughout Western Europe.

Philip Mussprat (2011)
this picture and the next four are screenprints from the 
Can House movie/trailer (see documentation)
published here in agreement with Maxy Neil Bianco

Life and works

This Can House was created by Philip Mussprat (1952-2015). A married man with four children, he worked as a bus driver, but had to prematurely retire because of a disability.

As it occurs in retirement, he had need "to do something" and in 2005 he began decorating a wall in his backyard with empty beer cans. It became a construction some 10 m (33 ft) long and 1,5 m (5 ft) high.

Apparently enthused by this activity, Mussprat decided to continue, partly because he thought that in this way he could raise money for the restoration of a local church.

decorations at the frontside (2011)

So he began decorating front and side wall of the house with beer cans, gluing these together and to the wall with waterproof adhesive and arranging them in geometrical patterns.

And then Mussprat also made stand alone creations, such as a barbecue installation and the pyramidal structure pictured below which is a fountain that actually sprays a jet of water.

fountain in the backyard (2011)

Some ten years after he started, Mussprat had processed 75.000 beer cans. Family and friends helped to gather these. As Mussprat said in an interview: We've all done our fair share of drinking to get the cans, but people come and donate their empties once they hear what I'm doing.

detail (2011)

Can House, the movie

Filmmaker Maxy Neil Bianco, who lives in Hartlepool, valued the Can House and its creator as a good subject for a documentary film, a topic he not just viewed in terms of contemporary folk art, but also as an act of defiance, a two fingers up to the hand of fate, to a world slowly degenerating and disappearing.
Mussprat and his family and friends were gladly willing to participate in the film and in 2011 its footage was shot.

It became a great documentary. Against the background of the transience of the old port town it gives a picture of people at the edge of society who in their own way create a thing of beauty which somehow gives sense to their lives. Indeed, that's what art environments might be about.

Actual situation

Maxy Neil Bianco's movie may also be of historical significance because it documents an art environment which for some time already is at risk with decomposition because of plans of the authorities to renovate the district where it is located.

The neighbouring house, at the corner of the street, still extant in 2014, already has been demolished.

Phillip Mussprat will not experience any disappearnce of his creation. He died september 20, 2015 at age 63.

* Article on Mail Online, nov 2015
* Article Meet our very own Can Gogh on Hartlepool Mail, nov 2010
* Trailer of the Can House movie below (3'25", Youtube, uploaded november 2011)

* Maxy Neil Bianco, Can House, film first screened 2012, 51'56". available on Vimeo

Can House from Maxy Neil Bianco on Vimeo.

Philip Mussprat
Can House
Corner Raby Road/Raby Gardens
Hartlepool, North East England, UK
still extant in 2016, can be seen from the street

September 11, 2016

Kate Bradbury, Sculptures in the interior

 pictures (except the next one) courtesy of 

The pictures in this post show sculptures as displayed in the flat of the artist who created them....kind of an indoor outsider art environment......

Life and works

Around 2000 Kate Bradbury, who worked in a sandwich shop, lived in a rented room in the basement of a house in the north of London. When she found Chinese paper, ink and all kind of objects and materials left by other tenants, as a self-taught artist she began making both black and white drawings on paper and sculptures/assemblages. 

She developed a passion to collect street junk and all kinds of found objects, and when she  moved to a conventional flat in London, she continued transforming these materials into sculptures and assemblages. Other than her drawings on paper, which mainly exhibit a dense pattern of black ink,
these sculptures and assemblages in general have a rather colorful look

Her artworks were exposed in some small London galleries and probably at the 2005 Raw Art Festival in London she met Sue Kreitzman, who at that exposition for the first time showed her artwork

In the context of that festival Sue Kreitzman, along with several other female artists, got the idea to organize an exposition of works by female outsider artists. The idea was elaborated and so the exposition Wild Old Women (London, november 2008/january 2009) came about. 

The exposition's website marked the participating artists as: We are loud, we are raucous and we are thrillingly, vividly visible. We are Outsider Artists so we do things exactly as we please.

Kate Bradbury was one of the participating artists and the website of the Wild Old Women exposition to my knowledge is the earliest internet publication that refers to her and her artwork.

In subsequent years more internet publications would appear. In april 2012 Kate Bradbury was artist of the month at Outside Ina national project founded in 2006, to provide a platform for artists in the U.K. who define themselves as facing barriers to the art world for reasons including health, disability, social circumstance or isolation.

In 2012 Kate Bradbury was also one of the six winners in a triennial competition for these artists, pursuant to which in 2013 she got a personal exhibition in the Pallant House Gallery, entitled Squalls and Murmurations  (november 5 - december 1)The title refers to two recurring elements in her work: loudness (of storms) and quietness (of murmuring).

In the course of the years Kate Bradbury's apartment has become increasingly occupied by a large variety of many almost life-size sculptures which are arranged in groups, such as the Gleaners, the Angels, the Dervishes and the Goat Men.

A very specific part of Kate's collection of sculptures consists of the suitcase people, which top up the house in large numbers.  These creations are made of old suitcases found at junk shops, which are filled with other objets trouvés that indicate the character depicted in the sculpture, such as a painter may have a suitcase filled with paintbrushes and Railway Jim has a railroad track with a small train.  

Apart from the head which is made from paper maché, all other parts of the sculpture such as clothes, hats and other attributes consist of objects collected on the street or at junkyards.  

Kate Bradbury's sculptures as displayed in her flat constitute kind of an indoor outsider art environment. This obviously is a private affair, which can't be visited by the public.

* Jennifer Gilbert, Artist's Interiors: Kate Bradbuy, article on weblog OutsideinPallant, february 15, 2016
* Press release about the 2013 exposition Squalls and Murmurations
* Article (november 2013) by Kate Davey on weblog KDOutsiderart
* Website announcing the 2009 Wild Old Women exposition

Kate Bradbury
London, United Kingdom
the home is private, no public visits

August 26, 2016

Nicholas Golovan, Single handedly built and decorated house

front side of the house, facing the river 

Single-handedly constructed and decorated with sculptures by its owner since around 1980, above pictured house in Lutsk, Ukraine, is a very special art environment/singular architecture. 

Life and works

Nicholas Golovan, the builder of the house and creator of the sculptures, was born in 1943 in Teremne, Ukraine.  His parents -a carpenter and a seamstress- in 1946 moved to Lutsk, a city in northwest Ukraine, where Golovan currently still lives. 

At a young age Golovan already showed artistic qualities and his parents stimulated him to go to an art academy. His mother hasn't experienced it, because she died in 1958, but indeed, young Golovan in 1960 was admitted to the art academy in Lviv. 

He studied there untill 1965 and then returned to Lutsk, where he built a studio in the yard of his father's house. He married in 1971 and in the same year he had his first exposition.

Golovan became active as a sculptor especially in the Volyn region where Lutsk is located, creating sculptures and monuments, usually intended for the public space.

When he was looking for a place to build a house that would serve as family home and studio, in the late 1970's the authorities allocated him a piece of land in a part of the old town bordering the river Styr. 

Golovan got constructional and architectural assistance from the architect Rostislav G. Metelnytskyy, but he did the construction works himself, brick by brick. 

This resulted in a rather special architecture: a three-story house with balconies and balustrades, a large round staircase to the entrance and a large walled garden in front and on the backside.

the side of the house along Luteranska street (2015) 
with a group of sculptures at the bottom of the wall and staircase to entrance 

Golovan decorated the house with a variety of sculptures, arranging a series on the balustrade on the upper front side and another one on the bottom of the wall along Luteranska street, but then there are also hundreds of both small and large sculptures scattered over the property. The yards around the house contain large quantities of boulders awaiting to be processed, as well as other materials.

The interior of the house has also been abundantly decorated with sculptures and high reliefs.

a scene of the interior

The pictures in this post just give a limited idea of the multitude of decorative sculptures in various styles included in, on and around this house. However, the internet has a number of websites with series of pictures of this house and Youtube has various videos (see documentation).

In terms of constructing Golovan is a non-professional, but his sculptures show he has mastered sculpting completely. In any case an entry of this site in this weblog, an inventory of european (outsider) art environments, is quite rightly, just as a local tourist guide ranks the site amongst the town's major worth seeing buildings, such as its castle, tower and churches.

The inhabitants of Lutsk in general respect Golovan and his art environment. The city in 2016 has decided to  appoint him as honorary citizen of the city. The award ceremony took place on August 20, 2016. 


* Youtube has a lot more videos about Golovan, look here

Nicholas Golovan
Golovan's House
Luteranska Street 9
Lutsk, Volyn region, Ukraine
can be seen from the street

August 13, 2016

Stanislav Sartsevich, Sculpture garden

black and white pictures courtesy of Volodmyr Marchuk 
(Volart Art Gallery, Lutsk)

The sculpture garden in above picture was extant in the 1970's and 80's in Lutsk, a city with a history of over 900 years, located in northwestern Ukraine, along the river Styr. 

Life and works

About Stanislav Sartsevich (1904-1987), who created this sculpture garden, only just a few biographical details are available. He had a job as a teacher, was head of a post office and the longest time he was an accountant at the department of social security.

Maybe during his working life he already made folk art paintings, in any case once retired, probably around the late 1960's, he became active as a self-taught artist, mainly by passionately creating sculptures and to a lesser extent also by making paintings.

Sartsevich posing in front of the site (1980's)

Sartsevich displayed his extensive production of sculptures in the front garden of his house which was located along a street in the old part of the town near Lubart's Castle, one of the oldest medieval fortifications in Europe.

His neighbours resented this use of the garden because in their view the grounds should be used to grow vegetables. They approached the local authorities who tried to restrain Sartsevich, but he diligently continued the development of his sculpture garden.

It became an extensive site with a variety of closely spaced sculptures made from cement and painted in appropriate colors. Ultimately the collection comprised mostly sculptures of people and animals.

His life-sized sculptures of people are rather naturalistic and those depictng well dressed fashionable ladies wearing a hat, especially got some reputation.

this picture in color: screenshot of some ladies 
from the 10'38" video (see documentation)

But he also made a large number of sculptures of people from Lutsk, family members, friends, swimmers, partisans, military people, a winged angel ....

The pictures in this post just give a limited insight in the large number of personalities that populated the garden.

In general he modeled his sculptures without using an image of his subject, although when creating a madonna he used an image of the madonna in the Sistine Chapel in Rome.

Sartsevich's sculptures of animals depict lions, deer, giraffes, elephants, all kinds of birds, in short the animals one sees in a zoo, all mostly executed in a realistic way.

Appreciaton and indifference

Sartsevich has received appreciation for his creative activiteites. For example: in 1979 he was invited to take part in an exposition of folk art in Lutsk. 

He also got positive nationwide publicity when in 1982 art historian Oleksandr Naiden wrote a benevolent article about him, entitled Portrait of the artist at old age, in the Russian magazine Decorative art of the USSR nr 5.

However, after Sartsevic in 1987 had passed away, both the family and leading artistic circles in Lutsk did not attempt to maintain the garden. His art environment was demolished, as well as the house, which was replaced by a modern two-storey building

All that remains are the old photos and videos.

* Website of Volodmyr Marchuk's Art Galery in Luts'k
* The video (13'53") entitled Борис Амаров в Луцьку (Boris Amarov in Lutsk) shot in1980, uploaded to Youtube dec. 2012 has scenes of the sculpture garden, Sartsevich and visitors from 3'37"-8'55"

* The next video (10'38", Youtube, uploaded march 2014) has a compilation of some old videos of the sculpture garden and a slideshow of the various sculptures

Stanislav Sartsevich
Sculpture garden
(formerly) Plytnytsy Street 1
Luts'k, Volny Oblast, Ukraine
house and garden have been demolished
and replaced by a modern building